Sustainable Building Materials List

What are sustainable building materials?

Sustainable building materials are materials that are ecologically responsible because their impact on the planet is not as damaging as traditional building materials.  Below is a list of six practical and sustainable building materials.

zero voc paint Low VOC Paint

VOC’s stands for organic volatile compounds, which are chemical compounds emitted from most paints and can affect human health.  Low VOC paints are usually odorless and have no chemical solvents so they will greatly improve your indoor air quality.

bamboo flooring & bamboo floors Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo is a long lasting and rapidly renewable material that is beautiful and easy to install.  Rapidly renewable materials are normally harvested within a 10-year or shorter cycle.  It does not harm indoor air quality since it does not contain volatile organic compounds (VOC’s).

wool carpeting Wool Carpeting

Woven wool is a clean, environmentally friendly option for residential and commercial carpeting.  Wool is a rapidly renewable material, has low VOC emissions, is fire resistant, biodegradable, compostable and adds a layer of insulation to the floor.

cotton batt insulation Cotton Batt Insulation

Cotton is also a rapidly renewable material and is a natural way to provide insulation.  Cotton provides high thermal resistivity values, emits no VOC’s, works as a sound attenuator, is non-toxic, and 100% recyclable.

ecological concrete, cement mixer Ecological Concrete

Concrete is one of the most used materials in the construction industry.  The problem is that generating concrete has a large impact on global warming.  The solution is to use concrete mixtures that contain recycled materials.  Recycled wood chips, crushed glass or slag can be added to the concrete mixture.  Concrete has a very long life; it can be formed into any shape and is recyclable.

Paper Insulation Panels

These insulation panels are made from recycled newspapers and cardboards.  They are an ecological alternative to using insulating foam and they are made fire-resistant by adding boric acid and calcium carbonate.

Sustainable building materials technologies can improve economic and resource efforts, increase labor productivity of building occupants and reduce harmful environmental impacts.


  1. Interesting article. I think you will also find this article interesting. It’s about Living a Greener Life. Here is the link to visit

  2. Great article. I think you will also find this article interesting. It’s about Living a Greener Life. Here is the link to visit

  3. Anonymous


  4. Anonymous

    well this is rubbish

  5. Anonymous


  6. Mauro, LEED AP

    You mean reliable right? :)

  7. i have work in the eco frendly building material

  8. Today I watched a TED talk about using wood to build structures … not just homes but also 30-story buildings. The speaker (I can’t remember his name) suggested that using 10-15 year old trees was the most environmentally sound option … better than concrete or any other building material. He suggested that the young trees would basically trap the CO2 and not allow it to escape into our atmosphere. I was wondering what your thoughts are on that. I, personally, had a hard time buying it and felt that it was more about promoting his business than actual scientific/environmental fact.

    • Mauro, LEED AP

      Great comment. Are you referring to this talk:

      Using wood for construction can become a very environmentally-friendly option if it qualifies as rapidly renewable material. This means that the wood can be harvested within 10 years or less. Using 10-15 year old trees is not that bad because you can always plant them, grow them, use them, and repeat. But it’s much better to use materials such as bamboo and wheat to replace wood in construction. They can be grown and harvested a lot faster. Wood (pine, spruce) is typically harvested after 30 years, which is not good. There is nothing really new in that talk that people in the industry don’t already know. Unless trees can fully grow in 5 years or less, I am completely against it because it leads to deforestation. Steel is also a good material to use for construction, but for a different reason. Steel can be recycled and reused somewhere else.

      As far as the wood trapping C02 after it’s been used for construction, I don’t know. I also find that hard to believe. I would have to do some research on it. But it would be great if it did.

      • I would strongly suggest you conducting additional research before you speak to the properties or benefits to wood. Your ideas of deforestation are completely wrong. North America currently has more trees per acre growing than it did over 200 years ago. You seem to be commenting based on knowledge gathered from folk lore. PLEASE, do your research before commenting on wood products for structural use or their inherently specific properties!

        • Mauro, LEED AP

          Do you understand what rapidly renewable means? Obviously not. Carry on :)

  9. This is a nice list of material that used to construction of building, you can also use construction software for fro managing your project and resource management.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.